How Technical Designs And Styles of Fountains Spread
Throughout the European countries, the chief means of spreading useful hydraulic information and fountain design suggestions were the circulated papers and illustrated publications of the day, which added to the evolution of scientific innovation. An un-named French fountain developer was an internationally renowned hydraulic innovator in the late 1500's. With imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his work in Italy, acquiring experience in garden design and grottoes with built-in and imaginative water features. The book, â€œThe Principles of Moving Forces,â€ written towards the end of his lifetime in France, became the fundamental (natural spring info)
writing on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Updating principal hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity, the book also explains modern hydraulic technologies. The water screw, a mechanical means to move water, and developed by Archimedes, was showcased in the book. An decorative fountain with the sun heating the liquid in two vessels concealed in an adjacent area was displayed in one illustration. The heated liquid expands and then rises and closes the water lines thereby triggering the water feature. Designs for pumps, water wheels, water features and garden ponds are also mentioned in the guide.